When Peter addressed the elders of the churches he was writing to, he included himself in their numbers. It's like what he said to them, applied to himself. Properly leading a congregation and being led, isn't easy. Using a series of contrasts, he spells out what faithful shepherding does and doesn't look like. If you're a shepherd, how does your shepherding measure up? If you're a congregant, you'll find there's something in this passage for you too!